Preliminary hearing held for Confederate apparel case
A tour bus filled with Anderson County school officials traveled to Knoxville
Tuesday for a preliminary hearing on a constitutional rights case involving a
student who wants to wear Confederate flag apparel to school.
“This has to do with whether our school board policy and code of conduct
will be upheld,” Director of Schools V.L. Stonecipher explained Wednesday.
He said the tour bus carried most of the system’s principals, administrators
and some assistant principals to the U.S. District Court in downtown Knoxville.
Stonecipher said he reasoned that renting a tour bus was cheaper than paying
gas mileage and parking fees for each of the officials to attend the hearing.
Some of the administrators had to testify, others were there to listen. A school
bus could not be used because the buses were needed to transport students home
from school and the officials didn’t get back from Knoxville until about
Andy McKamey, transportation director, said the tour bus would normally cost
about $650 a day, but Anderson County schools rented the bus for only $400.
Stonecipher estimated that based on information he’s received, Judge
Thomas A. Varlan could make a decision on the matter in the next 30 to 60 days.
Last November, Anderson County High School student Tom DeFoe and his father,
Phil, filed a lawsuit against Stonecipher, the Anderson County Board of Education,
Board Chairman John Burrell, ACHS Principal Greg Deal, Sid Spiva, Anderson County
Career and Technical Center principal and its assistant principal, Merl Krull.
In the suit, they charged that the student’s constitutional rights were
being violated because he wasn’t allowed to wear apparel featuring the
Rebel flag. The DeFoes are represented legally by Kirk D. Lyons of the Black
Mountain, N.C.-based Southern Legal Resource Center Inc. and Knoxville attorney
Van R. Irion.
In the lawsuit complaint, the DeFoes stated that Tom DeFoe wore various items
of clothing depicting the Confederate flag on several occasions this school
year and was told it violated the schools’ policy concerning the dress
He obeyed their instructions to cover or remove the clothing.
However, according to the suit, last Oct. 30 he wore a T-shirt bearing an image
of the Confederate flag and the words, “If you have a problem with this
flag you need a history lesson.”
The suit stated that ACHS Principal Deal told DeFoe to turn the shirt inside
out or take it off, and the student refused and was suspended for violation
of the dress code policy and insubordination.
He was against suspended on Nov. 6 when he wore a belt buckle with an image
of the Confederate flag and refused a request by Krull, the vocational school’s
assistant principal, to remove or cover it.
“(DeFoe) views himself as a Southerner and takes pride in his Southern
heritage,” the suit states. A letter was sent to the School Board chairman
in September objecting to the ban of the Confederate flag as a violation of
the student’s First Amendment rights and asking for a meeting.
Jerry Shattuck, the School Board’s attorney, responded with a letter
stating that although the dress code does not specifically address Confederate
flags, the policy on “Immoral, Disreputable and Disruptive Conduct”
includes a ban on racial slurs. He also cites the policy on “Hazing/Discrimination/Harassment,
Shattuck also referred to the county schools’ history, including the
bombing of Clinton High School in 1958 after the school was desegregated.
“Nothing has been that extreme since then, but there have been continuing
incidents in the Anderson County school system, particularly the high schools
and middle schools, which have involved racial issues. Some of those matters
were as recent as the last school year. … They are of sufficient ongoing
nature to, in our opinion, justify the uniform enforcement of our policies,”
Shattuck stated in the letter.
Related to this issue of racism, Stonecipher said this week that principals
had recently talked to an attorney during their principals’ meeting concerning
any incidents at their schools that could be considered by others to be racial
He said this doesn’t mean that the incidents were racial, but might be
perceived as racial.
The DeFoes are asking for the judge to award “damages, declaratory judgment
and temporary injunctive relief to redress” the violations of the student’s
Stonecipher said the county schools are represented by attorney Art Knight,
who works for the county’s insurer, with assistance by Shattuck