School board threatened over Confederate flag ban
Mother says child has right to celebrate ‘Southern heritage’
By Ed Farrell Staff Writer
Nearly a century and a half after the conclusion of the Civil War, a Henderson
woman is ready to launch an all-out assault against the Chester County Board of
Education over a rule banning the wearing of the Confederate battle flag.
On three different occasions, Linda Strong’s daughter, Kayla, a 15-year-old
freshman at Chester County High School, has been forced to cover up, alter, or
remove attire or jewelry bearing renditions of the red, white and blue stars and
bars of the Confederate States of America.
“Students should have the right to be proud of their heritage,” Strong
told the board Thursday night, adding that if the district continues to act in
such a fashion that causes her daughter embarrassment and humiliation, she will
have no choice but to file suit against the local system.
Noting that April is “Confederate Heritage Month,” Strong –
a long-time member of the Sons of Confederate Veterans and whose family is actively
involved in Civil War reenactments – intends on allowing Kayla to once again
wear the shirt, one of a popular line produced by Dixie Outfitters, to school.
In an interview with the Independent, Strong said she is not interested in seeking
money from the district, only to allow her daughter to be able to celebrate her
heritage and to exercise free speech, as is guaranteed in the U.S. Constitution.
“It’s about time we stand up for our Southern heritage, and our Constitutional
rights,” Strong said.
Faced with the threat of a lawsuit, the board took no official action regarding
Strong’s request, stating only that it would refer the matter to the board’s
attorney for guidance.
Board Chairman Dwain Seaton, however, made it clear that the district’s
current ban of wearing of the flag would be enforced should Kayla attempt to wear
the controversial symbol to school.
“If she does,” Seaton said, “she will be disciplined as a violation
of our policy.”
At least one teacher present at the board meeting – Kim Mitchell, who teaches
fifth grade at Chester County Middle School – said it was her opinion that
the Confederate flag should continue to be banned.
“It is extremely offensive to lots of students,” Mitchell told the
board. “I don’t think any student should have the right to be offensive
to other students.”
Contacted by the Independent on Monday, Nashville attorney Chuck Cagle, who represents
more than 70 school districts across Tennessee, including Chester County, said
he will discuss the matter with the Superintendent John Pipkin.
“I understand that folks do have strong feelings about this,” Cagle
said. “I will look at the details of this particular case and discuss it
with the superintendent and the school board and advise them appropriately.”
Currently, there are two cases in federal court in the state of Tennessee alone
– one each in Blount and Anderson counties – over nearly identical
claims, and a 2001 decision by the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit,
which includes Tennessee, ruled that schools cannot summarily ban the wearing
of the Confederate flag without documented proof such displays are disruptive
to conduct and order.
In the Anderson County case, Tom DeFoe, a student at Anderson County High School,
claimed the wearing of attire featuring the Confederate flag was his right “as
a Southerner” and one who “takes pride in his Southern heritage.”
In the Blount County case, three students at William Blount High School filed
suit after being disciplined for wearing “clothing and other items that
contained the Confederate battle flag” which the students consider representations
of their “Southern heritage.”
In most cases, school districts have argued that the Confederate flag is considered
to be “offensive” to some groups, particularly black students, who
equate the flag with slavery, and have subsequently banned the wearing of the
symbol to avoid disruption and conflict among students.
In cases where districts have shown proof of a history of actual disruptions,
such as fights or other racial unrest linked specifically to the wearing of the
Confederate flag, the courts have generally ruled in favor of the bans.
However, mere concerns that such displays are “likely to cause disruption
or interference,” as is the wording of the Chester County Schools dress
code, is not justification for a wholesale ban, the courts have ruled.
Strong said she is not personally aware of a single incident of unrest or disruption
due to any student wearing the battle flag or any other Confederate item.
The district’s dress code does not specifically ban the Confederate flag
– or any other specific item of clothing.
Three paragraphs in its entirety, the dress code states that “Students shall
dress and groom in a clean, neat and modest manner so as not to distract or interfere
with the operation of the school.”
The dress code goes on to state: “When a student is attired in a manner
which is likely to cause disruption or interference with the operation of the
school, the principal shall take appropriate action, which may include suspension.”
Chester County High School Principal Troy Kilzer, however, said the high school’s
student handbook does address the issue further.
The portion of the handbook focusing on student behavior and discipline, specifically
Rule 3 – Dress and Grooming – prohibits “articles of clothing
that may have written, stitched, or printed any logo, or comment that promotes
or advertises alcohol, drugs, tobacco, suggestive sexual comments, vulgar/obscene
language, hate, racial defamatory remarks or symbols or any group which represents
It is this section, Kilzer said, that is referenced in the case of the Confederate
“In the case of the Confederate flag, we’re following the criteria
that it’s a racial remark,” Kilzer told the Independent Monday. Kilzer
said while he and his staff respect a student’s individual right to free
speech, “the primary reason children are here is to be educated, not to
express their opinions on a t-shirt.”
Strong brought her daughter’s shirt – a Dixie Outfitters shirt that
bears a large picture on the back of the Confederate submarine H.L. Hunley, the
words “Legends of the Confederate States Navy,” and a small Confederate
Ironically, in 2004, Kayla, while a student at Chester County Middle School, was
granted, in advance, permission to miss an entire week of school by Principal
Randle Fenimore, to participate in a Charleston, S.C., memorial service for the
crew of the H.L. Hunley, Strong said.
On one occasion, Strong said, her daughter was asked to turn the shirt inside
out; on a second, to cover the portion of the shirt that includes the Confederate
flag. On both occasions, Kayla did as she was requested without incident, Strong
On a third occasion, Kayla wore a pair of Confederate battle flag earrings to
school; when asked to remove them, the teen again complied.
Now, however, Strong said both she and her daughter have had enough.
“I have seen children wearing Gothic attire, and nothing is said to them,”
Kilzer, however, said Mrs. Strong was incorrect in her assertion that “nothing
is said” to other students, including those who partake of Gothic attire.
“Look, Kayla is a great student, and she has been recognized for her outstanding
work,” Kilzer said. “But I have never discussed specifics of one student
with another. I haven’t aired Kayla’s wash with the Gothic students,
nor have I aired the Gothic students wash with Kayla, so there is no way for Mrs.
Strong to know what has or hasn’t been said to those particular students.”
Goths typically favor dark-colored attire, and in some cases wear extensive amounts
of black makeup, including lipstick and nail polish, to express their individuality.
Goth attire and subculture have been linked to disruptions in other school districts,
and in many cases, students who openly embrace the Goth culture have been subjected
to ostracization, taunting, and in some cases, physical attacks by other students.
According to Strong, no one has ever explained to either her or her daughter as
to why the Confederate flag has been deemed so objectionable it must be banned
for fear of causing disruptions.
Strong said, however, the racial claims most likely have roots in the fact that
extremist groups, such as the Ku Klux Klan, publicly display the battle flag and
use it as a recognizable symbol.
“I think it’s a disgrace the way the battle flag has been linked to
the KKK,” Strong said.
In Kayla’s case, indeed in most cases Strong said she is aware of, race
has absolutely nothing to do with the motivations of the people who wear the Confederate
Kayla’s maternal great-great grandfather, Henry Lovett, fought in the Civil
War under Confederate general Nathan Bedford Forrest; two of her great-great-great
grandfathers – Eliza Hutcherson and William Strong – also fought for
The family has long been involved in the Sons of Confederate Veterans, and are
members of the SCV’s Freeman’s Battery, Forrest’s Artillery,
“We are not racist, and this has nothing at all to do with race,”
Strong told the Independent. “This is about my daughter’s Constitutional
right to free speech, and her desire to honor her heritage and history. We believe
in our history, and believe in honoring the guys who fought for and died for their
beliefs in the Civil War.”
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