The New York Draft Riots
Did you know that the biggest riots in this nation’s history took place in New
York City to protest the Draft then taking place for compulsory military
service in the 1861-1865 war? This is one story that the mass media
schools virtually never tell us about. But we will be telling you about it
To begin, it is important that we understand that the 1861-1865 war in America
— the war that was so carefully promoted, nurtured and developed — was not a
civil war. Lincoln started the war without a declaration of Congress, a gross
violation of the Constitution. It was an economic war, just as were all our
wars since the War of 1812 [Gordon comments: this was the last war
ever fought in
the true sovereign interests of the United States]. The dominant
of the day, having gained monetary, media and political dominance over the
Northeastern states, sought to use the resources of those states (including the
people) to expand their power over the others.
In the South, the local autonomy of smaller jurisdictions, such as those of
county and state governments (commonplace in a healthy Constitutional
Republic), was obstructing the interests of these large financial
powers. Thus, a plan was
contrived to absorb these smaller jurisdictions into one large jurisdiction
which was easier to infiltrate manipulate and control. Indeed, by consolidating
all this power within the federal government, these major financial interests
could more effectively plunder the people.
However, these wealthy Southern states would not yield without a fight.
Therefore, it was necessary to have a war. Thus, it was a war between states,
or ‘War Between The States.’ Volumes have been written about the causes of this
war, much of it credible; and so we will refer you to those for further
information on this point.
New York, the greatest port in this nation, was the gathering place for those
newly immigrated. In 1863, the third year of the War, half of the city’s
population was foreign born, and of that number, half were Irish. And,
naturally, when you have peoples of different cultures packed into such a small
place, you have competing interests, which oftentimes resulted in riots. In the
1830’s and 1840’s, for instance, there were the Bread Riots, the
Anti-Immigration Riots, election riots, etc. And the Irish too, were no
strangers to rioting. In fact, ‘Irish Confetti’ was the term for cobblestones
the Irishmen would throw off rooftops onto the streets.
New York, a city run by Democrats, did not favor going to war, if only for
economic reasons. Indeed, with about half of the South’s exports going through
New York, Mayor Fernando Wood even suggested seceding from the union to protect
In 1862, with the war going badly for Mr. Lincoln, Lincoln issued the
Emancipation Proclamation so as to destroy the economic foundation of the
Only slaves in Southern states were allegedly freed, excepting about a million
in sympathetic Southern states. Mrs. Lincoln’s slaves also were not freed. Many
Irish objected to this Executive Order, because they believed the result would
be a flood of Blacks into New York to take their jobs. Remember, for the New
York Irishmen, jobs were hard to come by, due to discrimination. For hire signs
typically stated, ‘Irish need not apply.’
But the fact remained: Lincoln’s army needed bodies. Soldiers were deserting
the Union Army in droves. Many joined the Southern Army. Lincoln was
that he sent his agents to Germany and enlisted 200,000 Germans who could not
speak a word of English and had no idea what the war was all about.
To meet their enlistment quotas, Lincoln imposed on the states, many states
offered bonuses of hundreds of dollars to those who would enlist. But after
awhile, even money could not entice them to join.
On March 5, 1863, Congress, though it could not convene with a quorum, passed
the Conscription Act (draft). However, any draftee could be exempted if he paid
$300 to the government; or hired a paid substitute. $300 was more than the
average worker in New York made in a year; so the Irishmen, who could barely
afford to feed their families, were compelled to go south and fight
Confederates. Governor Horatio Seymour, assuring the draftees, said that the
draft was unconstitutional, and would surely be challenged in the courts. But
there wasn’t time for this.
When the first lottery took place on Saturday, July 11, 1863, Lincoln,
anticipating problems, was going to send federal troops to New York to keep
order, but changed his mind when Confederate Army General Robert E. Lee broke
through Union lines into Pennsylvania, headed for Harrisburg. From Harrisburg,
it would be a short trip south to Washington D.C.; and so the federal troops
were sent to counter Lee instead.
On that Saturday, with much lively discussion of the draft taking place in the
taverns frequented by Irishmen, a rally was planned that night at Central Park.
Among those at the rally were Irish firemen who demanded exemptions from the
draft, as was the custom of Militiamen of years past. When the lottery resumed
on Monday however, several Irish firemen were drafted anyway. These volunteer
firemen also knew how to set fires, it seems, as was evidenced by their
torching the draft offices. Within minutes, the entire block was on
fire. Throughout New
York, dozens of buildings were set on fire that Monday.
Upon receiving reports of the incident, New York Police Superintendent John
Kennedy headed uptown to visit the scene. When stepping from his carriage, he
was grabbed and beaten so severely, that he was left for dead. Police
Commissioner Thomas Acton then took the lead over his 800 men on duty to fend
off a mob that ultimately numbered about 50,000 people. Acton struck back on
the rioters ruthlessly.
Building to its crescendo, the rioters then began to tear up railroad tracks,
telegraph lines, and the homes and businesses of republicans (including the New
York Tribune, a newspaper with Republican sympathies); and began not only to
assail policemen, but even gentlemen and Blacks.
Finally, federal troops, under the command of Henry O’Brien arrived, shooting
many dozen civilians. O’Brien, later spotted by a crowd, was beaten to death
and dragged through the streets.
Rioting became even more intense on Tuesday. In his efforts to calm the mobs,
from the steps of city hall that noon, Governor Seymour told the crowd: ‘My
friends, I am sent my adjutant general to Washington to confer with authorities
there, and have this draft suspended. I will do all that I can, to see that
there is no inequality and no wrong done to anyone.’ This speech did not sit
well with the Republicans and Lincoln. However, Lincoln resisted declaring
martial law for fear it might inflame the situation; and left it up to local
authorities to handle the problem.
On Wednesday, the city’s Board of Aldermen and Common Counsel passed an
emergency ordinance appropriating 2.5 million dollars to pay the exemptions of
every worker who was drafted.
That Wednesday afternoon, a crowd of 10,000, gathering in the vicinity of
Gramercy Park and Stuyevesant Square, and were met by a small federal army
detachment and artillery unit, commanded by Edward Gardine. However, when the
civilian snipers cut his troops to pieces, the soldiers fled, leaving Gardine
and the other dead and wounded, behind.
The riots were finally quelled on Friday. Many attribute this to the address of
Catholic Archbishop John Hughs, to the rioters from the balcony of his home on
Madison Avenue. His Excellency said that there was no need to conduct a
revolution in the streets of New York because there was a revolution at the
ballot box every four years. And so ended the Draft Riots of New York.
The official death toll was 119, but it was surely in the thousands. One of the
more astonishing things was the numbers of bodies found floating in New York’s
rivers. Nevertheless, Lincoln was still determined for the draft to
more bodies, he ordered the draft to proceed in New York, unabated; but this
time, with large numbers of federal troops. There were no riots this time. Few
draftees had to go, however. They were merely replaced by substitutes paid for
by the Common Counsel’s 2.5 billion dollar appropriation. Of the 80,000
draftees, only 2,300 ended up in Lincoln’s army. The rest hired substitutes,
paid their exemption fees, or got medical excuses.
Now let us turn our attention to how what we have been taught by the mass media
and government schools contrasts with the truth. We have been told to believe
that Abraham Lincoln was one of our greatest presidents and the ‘Great
Emancipator.’ Saying anything to the contrary is deemed blasphemy by the
politically correct. However, facts are stubborn things, be they ‘blasphemous’
or not. The fact is, Lincoln was a bigot and racist, as the following quotes
‘I will say, then, that I am not, nor ever have been, in favor of bringing
about in any way the social and political equality of the white and
black races –
that I am not, nor ever have been in favor of making voters or jurors
nor of qualifying them to hold office, nor to inter-marry with white
people; and I
will say in addition to this that there is a physical difference between the
white and black races which I believe will forever forbid the two races living
together on terms of social and political equality.’
Then we have Lincoln’s Notes for Speeches, September 1859, Collected Works,
vol. 3, p. 399:
‘Negro equality! Fudge! How long, in the government of a God great enough to
make and maintain the Universe, shall there continue knaves to vend, and fools
to gulp, so low a piece of demagoguism as this?’
>From Abraham Lincoln’s Address on Colonization to a Deputation of Negroes in
Washington , D.C. on August 14, 1862 (Collected Works, Vol. V, p. 371) we have:
‘See our present condition — the country engaged in war! — our White men
cutting one another’s throats … and then consider what we know to be truth. *
* * But for your race among us there could not be war, although many men
engaged on either side do not care for you one way or the other …
It is better for us
both, therefore, to be separated. * * * You and we are different races. We have
between us a broader difference than exists between almost any other two races.
Whether it is right or wrong I need not discuss, but this physical difference
is a great disadvantage to us both, as I think your race suffer very
of them by living among us, while ours suffers from your presence. In a word,
we suffer on each side. If this is admitted, it affords a reason at
least why we
should be separated.’
I bet you never heard those quotes from Lincoln last President’s Day.
So, in this article, we have seen that Lincoln was not able to ‘fool all the
people all the time’ in his day, hence all the riots, from Ohio to
Massachusetts. The fact is, right or wrong, many people did not want to
participate in what they viewed as an unjust war.